Olof Hermelin is one of the major Swedish landscape painters in the 19th century. The great love of his life was the landscape of central Sweden.
After his education at the Art Academy of Stockholm, Hermelin traveled frequently to Paris between 1870-1875, the heart of European plein-air-painting. In France, he became familiar with the paintings of Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot and Charles-Francois Daubigny, the most famous landscape painters of the French "Barbizon School".
Influenced by these modern plein-air pioneers, Hermelin's paintings got brighter and more vigorous in colour.
In Germany, Hermelin's works were firstly shown at the international exhibitions in Berlin and Munich Glass Palace from 1888 to 1900. The National Museum of Stockholm, the Art Museum in Gothenburg, the University of Uppsala and the Nordic Museum in Lund in Sweden bought works of Hermelin. In addition, among others, the University in Philadelphia has a work of the painter.