Franz Adam was considered the most gifted son of the painter Albrecht Adam. Franz Adam worked with him until his father's death in 1862. Together they took on various noble clients in Stuttgart, Augustenburg and Vienna. In 1849 Adam took part in the campaign in northern Italy and became a valued battle painter by Emperor Franz Joseph, who subsequently sent him to the battlefields of the Austrian army.
He was also present in the famous battle of Solferino south of Lake Garda in June 1859. The battle fought in the course of the struggle for Italian independence has long been considered the "bloodiest battle since Waterloo". In June 1859, 150,000 soldiers from the Kingdom of Sardinia and its allied France met a 130,000-strong Austrian army in the lovely hills south of Lake Garda. In his wake was Franz Adam, who usually captured the noble deeds of the army in heroic crowd scenes.